The Animal Kingdom’s Most Fascinatingly Bizarre Color Mutations

Color Mutations Chimera Cat

Source: Top Biologia

Nature is full of beauty, especially in its “imperfections”. Case in point? Color mutations in animals. Over time, evolution can transform an entire species, even creating new ones. Alternatively, a specific mutation can affect only a few individuals within a given animal population.

Several kinds of color mutations can affect the animal world, ranging from well-known albinism all the way to chimera. Some of these are much more common than others. But it seems that the rarer the mutation is, the more intrigued by it we become.

Color Mutations Blue Lobster

Source: Web Ecoist

With a rarity of 1 in 2,000,000, it is always a great surprise when fishermen reel in a blue lobster. Such a shell hue is due to the over-production of a astaxanthin-wrapping proteins within the species. When the protein interacts with a naturally occurring red pigment molecule, it creates the blue tint known as crustacyanin.

Color Mutations Glass Frog

Source: Cat In Water

Glass frogs are another example of a truly strange natural mutation. While some appear to be translucent, in truth the background pigment of most glass frogs is predominantly lime green. Some members of the Centrolenidae amphibian family actually have transparent undersides as well, making their major organs visible to the outside world.

Color Mutations: Albinism

One of the most known and widely seen mutations in nature is albinism. Present at birth, albinos are characterized by the lack of the pigment melanin, which typically gives color to the eyes, skin, and hair. Albinism can be found in all species and races; in animals it usually displays as yellow or pink skin, and pink eyes.

Color Mutations Albino Hedgehog

Source: Slightly Warped

Color Mutations Albino Dolphin

Source: Gallery Hip


Color Mutations: Leucism

Color Mutations White Zebra

Source: Blogspot

Leucism, which is often confused with albinism, is another condition in animals caused by reduced pigment levels. Unlike albinism, leucism is caused by a reduction in all types of skin pigment, not just melanin. Animals that are referred to as “white” -such as the white zebra, white lion, or white tiger- usually are leucistic as opposed to albino. Another fact that sets leucistic animals apart from albinos is the fact that they can still have the color black present in their coats, as well as normal colored or black eyes.

Color Mutations White Tiger

Source: White Gadget

Color Mutations Leucistic Deer

Source: Slightly Warped

Color Mutations Leucistic Kiwi

Source: Slightly Warped

Mutations Leucistic Alligator

Source: Slightly Warped

Color Mutations: Piebald

Animals who present the color mutation known as piebald lack pigmentation in certain parts of their bodies, but not in others. A spotting pattern often occurs with the intermixing of pigmented and non-pigmented hair, skin, or feathers. Not present in all families of animals, piebald animals often have very interesting and beautiful patterns. The amount of pigmented and non-pigmented areas can vary greatly, as mutations by definition occur at random. Piebald is most commonly found among horses, dogs, cats, birds, pigs, cattle, and even snakes like the ball python.

Color Mutations: Chimera

Mutations Chimera Parakeet

Source: Pinterest

Chimera refers to an individual organism that consists of genetically distinct cells. This mutation can present itself in many ways, including gynandromorphism (containing both male and female characteristics), having two separate blood types, or having two distinct appearances on one body.

Mutations Chimera Cardinal

Source: WordPress

Caused by the merging of two fertilized eggs, chimeras are quite rare, but have been observed in a large number of species. Chimera species are often identified by a distinct difference in coloring from the animal’s left and right sides. In species that have distinctive gender-based differences in appearance, the individual will actually have the appearance as well as the genetics of each gender on each side of its body.

Mutations Chimera Lobster

Source: MSN